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One of the most fascinating and evocative of Tuscany is definitely Pisa, best known for the famous Leaning Tower, but also rich in history and culture.
Ancient Repubblica Marinara, Pisa boasts a glorious past that saw her for years to contend in Genoa dominion over the western Mediterranean; now can be found on the streets and squares tangible signs of this story.
There are many architectural and artistic beauties of the city, we will list below the main attractions.
The most famous monument is surely the Leaning Tower of Pisa, its distinctive and spectacular inclination is due to land subsidence, which occurred in the first phase of the construction work, because of the clay soil. Nearby there are also the Cathedral of Pisa, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta and the Baptistery. These monuments are located in Piazza del Duomo, also known as the Square of Miracles, declared a World Heritage Site.
Very important is also the museum of ancient ships of Pisa, museum discovered by chance during the works for the construction of a railway junction. The excavations took wing light the remains of ancient vessels preserved perfectly.
Other places to visit include Piazza dei Cavalieri with its Torre della Muda, known as Torre della Fame, where he was imprisoned Ugolino della Gherardesca. Today the tower is incorporated in the Palazzo dell'Orologio. On the square facing the Palazzo della Carovana and the church of Santo Stefano dei Cavalieri.
One of the most striking is Borgo Stretto, where you can find the darkened two leaning towers less famous, the first of the church of St. Nicholas and the second of the church of San Michele degli Scalzi, inclined by 5 degrees.
Finally the Lungarni of Pisa is one of the places not to be missed. Reachable from Piazza Garibaldi heading towards Ponte di Mezzo, are beautiful especially at sunset. The most famous is the Medicean Arno embankment, bordered by the Medici Palace and Palazzo Toscanelli.
Wandering the streets of Pisa, one can encounter in the birthplace of Galileo Galilei, which is right in the historic center.
Pisa becomes a romantic and evocative June 16, at the Luminara di San Ranieri, when the whole city is lit with hundreds of lights.